Pediatric high-grade gliomas represent approximately 10% of all pediatric brain tumors. Similar to adult high-grade gliomas, they behave very aggressively, and these children have a very poor prognosis despite a variety of therapies that include chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In this review, we present an overview of both pediatric high-grade gliomas and diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas with a focus on their epidemiology, etiology, presentation, prognostic factors, biology, treatment modalities, outcomes, and future research directions.
- Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma
- High-grade glioma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology