Pediatric medical priorities

Toni Gross*, Susan M Fuchs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Approximately half of the EMS responses to calls for pediatric patients are for medical complaints, and medical complaints predominate over traumatic injuries in children younger than 5 years. Because pediatric calls account for only a small percentage of all patient care, EMS physicians must ensure adequate continuing education and training for providers to maintain knowledge and skills proficiency. Respiratory distress and seizures are common prehospital medical complaints for children. Controversies exist surrounding appropriate management of the pediatric airway in the prehospital setting; most of the current literature does not support prehospital intubation as an effective means of improving patient outcomes. Important changes are noted regarding the use of automated external defibrillators in young children and infants, the use of capnography, family presence during resuscitation, and the consideration of genetic mutations in children suffering cardiac arrest from unknown causes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical Aspects of EMS
Publisherwiley
Pages386-392
Number of pages7
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9781118990810
ISBN (Print)9781118865309
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 12 2015

Keywords

  • ALTE
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Pediatric
  • Respiratory illness
  • Resuscitation
  • Seizure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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