A 6-year-old girl presented with a 1-week history of progressive upper and lower extremity weakness and bilateral upper extremity dysesthesia. Imaging demonstrated a 4.7 × 1.2-cm enhancing intramedullary lesion in the cervical spine from level C2 to C5 with associated cystic components and syringomyelia. The patient underwent a C2–C5 laminoplasty, with gross total resection of the intramedullary lesion. Histological analysis showed small to medium-sized epithelioid cells, with predominantly a solid architecture focally infiltrating into the adjacent spinal cord tissue. Focal papillary differentiation was present along with peri-vascular pseudorosettes, mucin microcysts, and globules of dense collagen. Focal anaplasia was noted with mitosis (5/10 HPF), focal necrosis, and elevated Ki67 10–15%. These findings were consistent with a myxopapillary ependymoma with anaplastic features. CSF cytology was negative for tumor cells. MYCN amplification was not present. She was treated with targeted proton-beam radiation therapy. This is the fourth case of an intramedullary anaplastic myxopapillary ependymoma to date, and the first case in the cervical spine reported in the literature.
- Cervical spine
- Myxopapillary ependymoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology