Pediatric surgical complications of major genitourinary reconstruction in the exstrophy-epispadias complex

Dylan Stewart, Brian M. Inouye, Seth D. Goldstein, Bhavik B. Shah, Eric Z. Massanyi, Heather DiCarlo, Adam J. Kern, Ali Tourchi, Nima Baradaran, John P. Gearhart*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: Urinary continence is the goal of exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) reconstruction. Patientsmay require a continent urinary diversion (CUD) if they are a poor candidate for bladder neck reconstruction or are receiving an augmentation cystoplasty (AC) or neobladder (NB). This study was designed to identify the incidence of surgical complications among various bowel segments typically used for CUD. Methods: A prospectively kept database of 1078 patients with EEC at a tertiary referral center from 1980 to 2012 was reviewed for major genitourinary reconstruction. Patient demographics, surgical indications, perioperative complications, and outcomes were recorded. Results: Among reviewed EEC patients, 134 underwent CUD (81 male, 53 female). Concomitant AC was performed in 106 patients and NB in 11.Median followup time after initial diversionwas 5 years. Themost common CUD bowel segments were appendix and ileum. The most common surgical complications after CUDwere small bowel obstruction, post-operative ileus, and intraabdominal abscess. There was a significantly increased risk in the occurrence of pelvic or abdominal abscesswhen colon was used as a conduit compared to all other bowel segments (OR=16.7, 95% CI: 1.16-239) and following NB creation compared to AC (OR=39.4, 95% CI: 3.66-423). At postoperative follow-up, 98% of patients were continent of urine via their stoma. Conclusion: We report the largest series to date examining CUD in the EEC population. The increased risk of abdominal and pelvic abscesses in patients who receive a colon CUD and undergo NB compared to AC indicates that while surgical complications following major genitourinary reconstruction are rare, they do occur. Practitioners must be wary of potential complications that are best managed by a multi-disciplinary team approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-170
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015


  • Augmentation cystoplasty
  • Continent urinary diversion
  • Exstrophy-epispadias complex
  • Neobladder
  • Surgical complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Pediatric surgical complications of major genitourinary reconstruction in the exstrophy-epispadias complex'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this