Penetrating craniocerebral shrapnel injuries during "Operation Desert Storm": Early results of a conservative surgical treatment

K. A. Chaudhri, A. R. Choudhury*, K. R. Al Moutaery, G. R. Cybulski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

A follow-up study is presented of the initial neurosurgical treatment of 20 patients who sustained penetrating eraniocerebral injuries during "Operation Desert Storm". Fifteen of these patients had received intracranial debridement through a craniectomy and five patients had received care of scalp wounds only. Following treatment and stabilisation in a frontline hospital, these patients were transferred to the Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital for further evaluation and management. On admission, all the patients received a computerised tomographic scan which revealed shrapnel fragments inside their brain. No attempt had been made to remove the metal fragments. A patient with an infected scalp wound was treated with a course of appropriate antibiotics and the wound dressed. Dexamethasone was not used. Anticonvulsants were used only in one patient who had been treated for a presumed cerebral abscess. The neurological status of the patients improved along with the reduction of oedema and the swelling of the brain as shown in the follow-up CT scans. No patient died or developed a seizure disorder. These results suggest that re-operation for removal of retained fragments is unnecessary. It is concluded that the initial treatment of shrapnel wounds of the brain should be to preserve maximal cerebral tissue and function either by limiting the wound debridement performed through a craniectomy or by care of scalp wounds only.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-123
Number of pages4
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Volume126
Issue number2-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1994

Keywords

  • Head injury
  • craniocerebral injury
  • outcome
  • penetrating wound
  • shrapnel fragment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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