Pentoxifylline does not protect against hyperoxic lung injury in rats

E. T. Naureckas, P. Factor, O. Benjaminov, E. Hoffer, V. Sriram, J. I. Sznajder*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Hyperoxia has been used extensively as a model of acute lung injury. The drug pentoxifylline has been shown to have a protective effect in other models of lung injury. We sought to determine whether pentoxifylline protects against hyperoxic lung injury in rats by decreasing the accumulation of neutrophils within the lung. A total of 84 rats were studied. Twenty four rats were randomized into four groups. Two groups of rats were pretreated for 48 h with either pentoxifylline (20 mg·kg-1) or saline, and then exposed to >95% O2 for 60 h while treatments continued. Two groups of control rats received the same treatment regimens as the O2-exposed animals, but breathed room air. Neutrophil accumulation in the lung was quantified both by histology and myeloperoxidase activity. Lung neutrophil accumulation increased in the oxygen-exposed group receiving pentoxifylline as compared to oxygen- or air-exposed rats receiving saline injections. Total glutathione was higher in lung homogenates from the hyperoxic, penfoxifylline-treated group than in homogenates from the other three groups. To study survival, 60 rats were exposed to >95% O2 for 120 h, 30 rats were pretreated with pentoxifylline, and 30 received saline. Survival after 120 h of exposure to hyperoxia was not altered by pentoxifylline treatment (pentoxifylline treated: 6 out of 30 survived; saline treated: 2 out of 30 survived). We conclude that pentoxifylline does not reduce mortality or lung injury in rats exposed to hyperoxia and is associated with an increase in lung neutrophil accumulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1397-1402
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1994


  • Hyperoxia
  • Lung glutathione
  • Lung injury
  • Lung neutrophils
  • Pentoxifylline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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