Peptide Amphiphile Supramolecular Nanofibers Designed to Target Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Benjamin T. Ledford, Adam W. Akerman, Kui Sun, David C. Gillis, Jenna M. Weiss, Johnny Vang, Smaranda Willcox, Tristan D. Clemons, Hiroaki Sai, Ruomeng Qiu, Mark R. Karver, Jack D. Griffith, Nick D Tsihlis, Samuel I. Stupp, John S. Ikonomidis, Melina Rae Kibbe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a localized dilation of the aorta located in the abdomen that poses a severe risk of death when ruptured. The cause of AAA is not fully understood, but degradation of medial elastin due to elastolytic matrix metalloproteinases is a key step leading to aortic dilation. Current therapeutic interventions are limited to surgical repair to prevent catastrophic rupture. Here, we report the development of injectable supramolecular nanofibers using peptide amphiphile molecules designed to localize to AAA by targeting fragmented elastin, matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), and membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase. We designed four targeting peptide sequences from X-ray crystallographic data and incorporated them into PA molecules via solid phase peptide synthesis. After coassembling targeted and diluent PAs at different molar ratios, we assessed their ability to form nanofibers using transmission electron microscopy and to localize to AAA in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats using light sheet fluorescence microscopy. We found that three formulations of the PA nanofibers were able to localize to AAA tissue, but the MMP-2 targeting PA substantially outperformed the other nanofibers. Additionally, we demonstrated that the MMP-2 targeting PA nanofibers had an optimal dose of 5 mg (12 mg/kg). Our results show that there was not a significant difference in targeting between male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. Given the ability of the MMP-2 targeting PA nanofiber to localize to AAA tissue, future studies will investigate potential diagnostic and targeted drug delivery applications for AAA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS nano
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • matrix metalloproteinases
  • peptide amphiphile
  • self-assembly
  • targeted nanomaterials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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