Peptidoglycan in osteoarthritis synovial tissue is associated with joint inflammation

Meaghan N. Holub, Amanda Wahhab, Joseph R. Rouse, Rebecca Danner, Lauren G. Hackner, Christine B. Duris, Mecaila E. McClune, Jules M. Dressler, Klemen Strle, Brandon L. Jutras, Adam I. Edelstein*, Robert B. Lochhead*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Peptidoglycan (PG) is an arthritogenic bacterial cell wall component whose role in human osteoarthritis is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to determine if PG is present in synovial tissue of osteoarthritis patients at the time of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and if its presence is associated with inflammation and patient reported outcomes. Methods: Intraoperative synovial tissue and synovial fluid samples were obtained from 56 patients undergoing primary TKA, none of whom had history of infection. PG in synovial tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence microscopy (IFM). Synovial tissue inflammation and fibrosis were assessed by histopathology and synovial fluid cytokine quantification. Primary human fibroblasts isolated from arthritis synovial tissue were stimulated with PG to determine inflammatory cytokine response. Results: A total of 33/56 (59%) of primary TKA synovial tissue samples were positive for PG by IHC, and PG staining colocalized with markers of synovial macrophages and fibroblasts by IFM. Synovial tissue inflammation and elevated IL-6 in synovial fluid positively correlated with PG positivity. Primary human fibroblasts stimulated with PG secreted high levels of IL-6, consistent with ex vivo findings. Interestingly, we observed a significant inverse correlation between PG and age at time of TKA, indicating younger age at time of TKA was associated with higher PG levels. Conclusion: Peptidoglycan is commonly found in synovial tissue from patients undergoing TKA. Our data indicate that PG may play an important role in inflammatory synovitis, particularly in patients who undergo TKA at a relatively younger age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number77
JournalArthritis Research and Therapy
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Peptidoglycan
  • Synovitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Peptidoglycan in osteoarthritis synovial tissue is associated with joint inflammation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this