Perceived HIV Risk Among Black MSM Who Maintain HIV-Negativity in New York City

Jagadisa devasri Dacus*, Theo G.M. Sandfort

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Black men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately burdened by the HIV epidemic. Although there has been an increased focus on reducing HIV prevalence in Black MSM, little attention has been given to how and why Black MSM are able to remain HIV-negative, beyond believing that they are lucky. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how Black MSM try to stay HIV-negative. Guided by constructivist grounded theory and a strengths-based approach, we conducted in-depth interviews to explicate how Black MSM demonstrate resilience by staying seronegative amidst high seroprevalence. Results from this study suggest that it is their perceptions of HIV risk that translate into protective strategies that enable them to prevent infection. Our study offers insight into their reasoning processes that guide their efforts to stay HIV-negative.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3044-3055
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS and behavior
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020


  • Black MSM
  • HIV-negative
  • Perceptions of risk
  • Qualitative
  • Strengths-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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