Perception of pitch contours in speech and nonspeech

Daniel R. Turner, Ann R. Bradlow, Jennifer S. Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The pitch perception literature has been largely built on experimental data collected using nonspeech stimuli, which has then been generalized to speech. In the present study, we compare the perceptibility of identical pitch movements in speech and nonspeech that vary in duration and in pitch range. Our nonspeech results closely replicate earlier findings and we show that speech is a significantly more difficult medium for pitch discrimination. Pitch movements in speech have to be larger and longer to achieve the salience of the most common speech analog, pulse trains. The direction of pitch movement also affects one's ability to discern pitch; in particular falling excursions are the most difficult. We found that the perceptual threshold for falling pitch in speech was more than 100 times that of previous estimates with nonspeech stimuli. Our findings show that the perceptual response to nonspeech does not adequately map onto speech, and future work in speech research and its applications should use speech-like stimuli, rather than convenient substitutes like pulse trains, pure tones, or isolated vowels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2275-2279
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH
Volume2019-September
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event20th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association: Crossroads of Speech and Language, INTERSPEECH 2019 - Graz, Austria
Duration: Sep 15 2019Sep 19 2019

Fingerprint

Speech
Perception
Pitch Contour
Excursion
Substitute
Discrimination
Experimental Data
Vary
Analogue
Estimate
Range of data
Movement
Stimulus
Pulse
Train
Pitch Range
Pitch Perception

Keywords

  • Just noticeable differences
  • Pitch perception
  • Speech perception
  • Speech resynthesis
  • Speech synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Signal Processing
  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

@article{c540eb28674d4a6782e4d65a75f322cb,
title = "Perception of pitch contours in speech and nonspeech",
abstract = "The pitch perception literature has been largely built on experimental data collected using nonspeech stimuli, which has then been generalized to speech. In the present study, we compare the perceptibility of identical pitch movements in speech and nonspeech that vary in duration and in pitch range. Our nonspeech results closely replicate earlier findings and we show that speech is a significantly more difficult medium for pitch discrimination. Pitch movements in speech have to be larger and longer to achieve the salience of the most common speech analog, pulse trains. The direction of pitch movement also affects one's ability to discern pitch; in particular falling excursions are the most difficult. We found that the perceptual threshold for falling pitch in speech was more than 100 times that of previous estimates with nonspeech stimuli. Our findings show that the perceptual response to nonspeech does not adequately map onto speech, and future work in speech research and its applications should use speech-like stimuli, rather than convenient substitutes like pulse trains, pure tones, or isolated vowels.",
keywords = "Just noticeable differences, Pitch perception, Speech perception, Speech resynthesis, Speech synthesis",
author = "Turner, {Daniel R.} and Bradlow, {Ann R.} and Cole, {Jennifer S.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.21437/Interspeech.2019-2619",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2019-September",
pages = "2275--2279",
journal = "Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH",
issn = "2308-457X",

}

Perception of pitch contours in speech and nonspeech. / Turner, Daniel R.; Bradlow, Ann R.; Cole, Jennifer S.

In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH, Vol. 2019-September, 01.01.2019, p. 2275-2279.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perception of pitch contours in speech and nonspeech

AU - Turner, Daniel R.

AU - Bradlow, Ann R.

AU - Cole, Jennifer S.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The pitch perception literature has been largely built on experimental data collected using nonspeech stimuli, which has then been generalized to speech. In the present study, we compare the perceptibility of identical pitch movements in speech and nonspeech that vary in duration and in pitch range. Our nonspeech results closely replicate earlier findings and we show that speech is a significantly more difficult medium for pitch discrimination. Pitch movements in speech have to be larger and longer to achieve the salience of the most common speech analog, pulse trains. The direction of pitch movement also affects one's ability to discern pitch; in particular falling excursions are the most difficult. We found that the perceptual threshold for falling pitch in speech was more than 100 times that of previous estimates with nonspeech stimuli. Our findings show that the perceptual response to nonspeech does not adequately map onto speech, and future work in speech research and its applications should use speech-like stimuli, rather than convenient substitutes like pulse trains, pure tones, or isolated vowels.

AB - The pitch perception literature has been largely built on experimental data collected using nonspeech stimuli, which has then been generalized to speech. In the present study, we compare the perceptibility of identical pitch movements in speech and nonspeech that vary in duration and in pitch range. Our nonspeech results closely replicate earlier findings and we show that speech is a significantly more difficult medium for pitch discrimination. Pitch movements in speech have to be larger and longer to achieve the salience of the most common speech analog, pulse trains. The direction of pitch movement also affects one's ability to discern pitch; in particular falling excursions are the most difficult. We found that the perceptual threshold for falling pitch in speech was more than 100 times that of previous estimates with nonspeech stimuli. Our findings show that the perceptual response to nonspeech does not adequately map onto speech, and future work in speech research and its applications should use speech-like stimuli, rather than convenient substitutes like pulse trains, pure tones, or isolated vowels.

KW - Just noticeable differences

KW - Pitch perception

KW - Speech perception

KW - Speech resynthesis

KW - Speech synthesis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074722972&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85074722972&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.21437/Interspeech.2019-2619

DO - 10.21437/Interspeech.2019-2619

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:85074722972

VL - 2019-September

SP - 2275

EP - 2279

JO - Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH

JF - Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH

SN - 2308-457X

ER -