Perceptions, beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge of US Latino adults pertaining to dementia and brain health: a systematic review

Sophia W. Light*, Francesca Tomasino, Annie Wescott, Alissa Bernstein Sideman, Alyssa Vela, Katherine L. Possin, Frank J. Penedo, Michael S. Wolf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Latinos in the USA are 1.5 times more likely to develop Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias (ADRD) than non-Latino Whites. This systematic review aims to summarize current understanding of the perceptions, knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes about ADRD and brain health of Latinos to inform public health efforts addressing disparities. Methods: Searches were completed across six databases (Medline, PsycINFO, WoS, LILACS, ProQUEST, and CINAHL). Studies were required to capture attitudes and/or knowledge of ADRD or brain health among US-based Latino adults who were not cognitively impaired and were not caregivers or healthcare providers. Results were synthesized narratively. Results: A total of 5528 unique records were identified. Following de-duplication and screening, 24 articles met the inclusion criteria for this review. Overall, knowledge about brain health and ADRD among Latinos is quite mixed. A consistent finding was that participants recognized memory loss as a symptom of cognitive impairment, but demonstrated limited recognition of other signs of impairment. The studies also highlighted variable knowledge of protective factors for maintaining brain health. Conclusions: Opportunities exist to increase knowledge of ADRD signs and symptoms, and awareness of risk and protective factors. Given the heterogeneity of Latinos in the USA, more research is warranted to better elucidate nuances in conceptualizations of brain health and aging among diverse Latino subgroups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)396-407
Number of pages12
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • Dementia
  • disparities
  • hispanic or Latino
  • systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Gerontology
  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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