Perceptions of chronic illness care among veterans with multiple chronic conditions

Salva N. Balbale, Bella Etingen, Alex Malhiot, Scott Miskevics, Sherri L. LaVela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Given the burden of multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Care System, understanding perspectives of Veterans with MCC is essential to evaluate chronic care and ensure that care and quality improvement efforts align with patient needs. The purpose of this study was to use the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) instrument to examine perceptions of chronic care among Veterans with MCC. Methods: We conducted a nation-wide, cross-sectional mailed survey. Study inclusion criteria were Veteran patients with MCC who receive care from eight VA facilities. The survey included questions on patient demographics, recent hospital or doctor visits, and the PACIC instrument. Chronic condition and health care utilization data were extracted from VA administrative databases. Results: The sample (n = 3,519) was mostly male; average age was 68.1 years. Mean PACIC summary score was 3.05 (standard deviation [SD] = 1.12). Respondents achieved higher scores (favorable perceptions) in the Delivery System Design and Patient Activation subscales, and lowest scores (unfavorable perceptions) in the Follow-up/Coordination subscale. Characteristics associated with higher scores included non-white race, recent VA doctor visit, and high school or less education. Conclusions: Perceptions of chronic care were high; however, quality improvements are needed to enhance care continuity and coordination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-444
Number of pages6
JournalMilitary medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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