Perceptions of Infertility and Semen Analysis Testing Among American Men Without Children

Matthew T. Hudnall*, Lisa I. Greene, Minh N. Pham, Jeremy D. Lai, Richard J. Fantus, Mary Kate Keeter, James Wren, Nelson E. Bennett, Robert E. Brannigan, Joshua A. Halpern

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine whether health-conscious men are more likely to be concerned about infertility and self-initiate semen analysis at a laboratory/clinic or through a direct-to-consumer at-home product without a health care provider recommendation. Methods: Cross-sectional survey conducted online via between November 2019 and January 2020. Men age 18 and older without children (n = 634) were included for analysis. Outcomes were likelihood of self-initiating a semen analysis, prevalence of infertility concern. Results: Of the 634 participants, 186 expressed concern about infertility but only 29% were likely to discuss these concerns with a health care provider. More men would self-initiate a semen analysis using an at-home product than through a traditional laboratory/clinic (14.2% vs 10.4%, P = .04). Odds of self-initiating a traditional semen analysis were higher for men concerned about low testosterone (odds ratio [OR] 2.30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12-4.74, P = .023) and infertility (OR 3.91, 95% CI 2.14-7.15, P <.001). Self-initiating an at-home semen analysis was associated with concern for low testosterone and infertility as well as middle age (age 40-59: OR 3.02, 95% CI 1.16-7.88, P = .024) and fitness tracker use (OR: 1.95, 95% CI 1.12-3.39, P = .018). Conclusion: Many men were unlikely to discuss infertility concerns with a health care provider. Middle aged men and those who used fitness trackers were more likely to self-initiate fertility evaluation through at-home semen analysis. Concern about low serum testosterone was pervasive and strongly associated with concern for being infertile and self-initiating a semen analysis of any kind.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-101
Number of pages7
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


Dive into the research topics of 'Perceptions of Infertility and Semen Analysis Testing Among American Men Without Children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this