Perceptions of Risk of Developing Skin Cancer for Diverse Audiences: Enhancing Relevance of Sun Protection to Reduce the Risk

June K. Robinson*, John Friedewald, Elisa J. Gordon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sixty-five percent of kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) develop squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Perceptions of risk of developing skin cancer, amelioration of this risk with sun protection, and having choices among sun protection strategies may enhance sun protection use by KTRS, who are at greater risk than the general population. Thirty KTRs stratified among non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, and Hispanic/Latinos evaluated three versions of the interactive, web-based, electronic sun protection program and suggested refinements. The sequence of content presentation prepared the participant to accept the credibility, accuracy, and relevance of the message. Beginning with informing participants that using sun protection reduces the chance of developing skin cancer made the information credible to KTRs. Showing skin cancer on all skin types and patient testimonials enhanced participants’ awareness of their susceptibility to develop skin cancer and primed patients to receive their personal risk of developing skin cancer. Coupling presentation of knowledge about the benefits of sun protection in reducing the risk of developing skin cancer with the personal risk of getting the disease was essential to KTRs believing that they could influence their health outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-157
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cancer Education
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Kidney transplant recipients
  • Patient education
  • Risk perceptions
  • Skin cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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