Perceptual Coding of Images for Halftone Display

David L. Neuhoff, Thrasyvoulos N. Pappas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


We present a new technique for coding gray-scale images for facsimile transmission and printing on a laser printer. We use a gray-scale image encoder so that it is only at the receiver that the image is converted to a binary pattern and printed. The conventional approach is to transmit the image in halftoned form, using entropy coding (e.g., CCITT Group 3 or JBIG). The main advantages of the new approach are that we can get higher compression rates and that the receiver can tune the halftoning process to the particular printer. We use a perceptually based subband coding approach. It uses a perceptual masking model that was empirically derived for printed images using a specific printer and halftoning technique. In particular, we used a 300 dots/inch write-black laser printer and a standard halftoning scheme (“classical”) for that resolution. For nearly transparent coding of gray-scale images, the proposed technique requires lower rates than the standard facsimile techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-354
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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