Percutaneous liver biopsy in hemophiliac children with chronic hepatitis C virus infection

Kathleen B. Schwarz, Aglaia Zellos, Lisette Stamato, John Boitnott, Elizabeth Perlman, Sonny Chong, James F. Casella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To develop a protocol for safe performance of percutaneous liver biopsies in children with deficiency of factor VIII (n = 12) or IX (n = 2) and chronic hepatitis C virus infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Liver biopsies were performed after administration of factor VIII or IX, before and 24 weeks after cessation of antiviral therapy. To define the optimal means of providing replacement therapy, 10 children were enrolled in a randomized crossover design study of bolus versus continuous factor VIII for performance of the liver biopsy. For the crossover study, all of the patients were given a loading dose of 50 ± 5 IU recombinant factor (rF)VIII/kg; a minimum of factor VIII activity of ≥80% 30 to 60 minutes following factor VIII infusion was required for liver biopsy. For the bolus protocol, rFVIII 25 to 50 IU/kg was given 6, 14, 24, 36, 48, and 60 hours after completion of the loading dose. For the continuous protocol, rFVIII was given 3 to 4 IU/kg per hour for 48 hours, followed by a bolus of 25 IU/kg at 60 hours. In patients with factor IX deficiency, a loading dose of 100 IU/kg was followed by a bolus of 50 IU/kg at 3, 15, 27, and 48 hours after the loading dose. RESULTS: Twenty liver biopsies were performed in children with factor VIII deficiency without major complications. One of the 3 biopsies in the patients with factor IX deficiency was complicated by a hemoperitoneum. Midazolam and fentanyl were used in the first 8 patients. However, postbiopsy pain, presumably secondary to hematoma in 2 patients and hemoperitoneum in 1, prompted us to use ultrasound to locate a suitable biopsy site and to change to propofol; this allowed us to better immobilize the liver, to minimize postbiopsy bleeding. The subsequent 15 biopsies were well tolerated without postbiopsy pain or other complication. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous liver biopsy in children with factor VIII deficiency can be safely performed using either bolus or continuous infusion of recombinant factor VIII. A brief general anesthetic and ultrasound guidance are recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-428
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Coagulopathy
  • Hemophiliac children
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Percutaneous liver biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Gastroenterology

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