Aims We assessed the association between early invasive therapy, burden of ischaemia, and survival benefit separately for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Ischaemia involving more than 10% of the left ventricular myocardium may identify patients who benefit from revascularization. However, it is not clear whether this association exists with both PCI and CABG. Materials Patients who underwent single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging and results (MPI) between 1992 and 2012 were identified. Early revascularization was defined as PCI or CABG performed within 90 days of SPECT MPI. The association between early PCI or CABG and all-cause mortality was assessed using a doubly robust, propensity score matching analysis. In total, 54 522 patients were identified, with median follow-up 8.0 years. Early PCI was performed in 2688 patients and early CABG in 1228. In the matched cohorts, early revascularization was associated with improved survival compared to medical therapy in patients with more than 15% ischaemia for both PCI [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.70, P = 0.002] and CABG (adjusted HR 0.73, P = 0.008). Conclusion In this observational analysis, both PCI and CABG were associated with reduced all-cause mortality in the presence of moderate to severe ischaemia after adjusting for factors leading to revascularization. As the threshold for improved outcomes with revascularization was similar for PCI and CABG, our results suggest that decisions for PCI vs. CABG for early revascularization should be determined by coronary anatomy, patient characteristics, and shared decision making, but not by the burden of ischaemia.
- Single-photon emission computed tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine