Perforated duodenal ulcer associated with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

Meike L. Uhler*, G. R Scott Budinger, Sheryl G A Gabram, Michael J. Zinaman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) remains the most serious medical complication of controlled ovarian stimulation. An unusual case of perforated duodenal ulcer following critical OHSS is presented. A 29 year old nulligravid woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome underwent her first attempt at in-vitro fertilization. She was admitted to the hospital with critical OHSS and subsequently found to have a perforated posterior duodenal ulcer. She underwent exploratory laparotomy, antrectomy and gastrojejunostomy. Pathological analysis of her gastric antrum confirmed chronic gastritis and Helicobacter pylori. She required prolonged assisted ventilation, vasopressor support, multiple i.v. antibiotics, blood product replacement and nutritional support. The patient was hospitalized for a total of 47 days and then transferred to a rehabilitation facility for an additional 30 days before being discharged to home. In this critically ill patient with OHSS, severe stress associated with invasive monitoring and multiple medical therapies in the intensive care unit as well as H. pylori infection appear to be the most probable causative factors of her perforated viscus. Prompt recognition of potential complications and proper medical intervention are essential in the management of patients with OHSS. Avoidance strategies are still needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-176
Number of pages3
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


  • Assisted reproduction
  • Critical care
  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Ovarian stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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