Extremely fast pattern recognition capabilities are necessary to find and fit billions of tracks at the hardware trigger level produced every second anticipated at high-luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) running conditions. Associative memory (AM)-based approaches for fast pattern recognition have been proposed as a potential solution to the tracking trigger. However, at the HL-LHC, there is much less time available, and the speed performance must be improved over previous systems while maintaining a comparable number of patterns. The vertically integrated pattern recognition AM (VIPRAM) project aims to achieve the target pattern density and performance goal using 3DIC technology. The first step taken in the VIPRAM work was the development of a 2-D prototype (protoVIPRAM00) in which the AM building blocks were designed to be compatible with the 3-D integration. In this article, we present the results from extensive performance studies of the protoVIPRAM00 chip in both realistic HL-LHC and extreme conditions. Results indicate that the chip operates at the design frequency of 100 MHz with perfect correctness in realistic conditions and conclude that the building blocks are ready for 3-D stacking. We also present performance boundary characterization of the chip under extreme conditions.
- IC testing
- associative memory (AM)
- real-time pattern recognition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering