Between 1982 and 1990, 15 children have undergone pericardial patch tracheoplasty, 13 for complete tracheal rings and 2 for acquired tracheal stenosis. Eleven had complete tracheal rings from the thoracic inlet or the cricoid to the carina. Diagnosis was by bronchoscopy (15), computed tomography (10), and magnetic resenance imaging (3). As first described by Idriss in 1984, the surgical technique uses a median sternotomy approach, extracorporeal circulation, bronchoscopic guidance, and the use of pericardium as a tracheal patch. There was one perioperative death of mediastinitis (operative survival, 93%). There were two late deaths caused by complications of tracheostomy (1) and direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy (DLB) (1). Follow-up is complete in 12 intermediate-term survivors and ranges from 0.4 to 8.2 years (mean, 4.2 ± 2.9 years). Five children required multiple DLBs with dilation and excision of granulation tissue; one of these patients underwent tracheoplasty revision 5 months after the initial procedure for residual tracheal rings, and four of these children have had tracheostomies, two temporary and two currently (4 months, 7 years). Seven children had widely patent tracheas observed at follow-up DLB with little or no residual stenosis after tracheoplasty. All survivors are currently asymptomatic, except for the two children with tracheostomies. Pericardial patch tracheoplasty offers effective therapy with relatively low operative mortality for infants and children with severe long segment tracheal stenosis. On intermediate-term follow-up, nearly all survivors are essentially free of symptoms of residual tracheal stenosis.
- Tracheal stenosis
- tracheoplasty, pericardial patch
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health