Periods of low renal perfusion pressure are associated with acute kidney injury following paediatric cardiac surgery

Jamie S. Penk*, Katja M. Gist, Matthew Barhight, Karl Migally, Santiago Borasino, Wendy F. Torres, Siyuan Dong, Bradley S. Marino, Catherine D. Krawczeski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Acute kidney injury is associated with worse outcomes after cardiac surgery. The haemodynamic goals to ameliorate kidney injury are not clear. Low post-operative renal perfusion pressure has been associated with acute kidney injury in adults. Inadequate oxygen delivery may also cause kidney injury. This study evaluates pressure and oximetric haemodynamics after paediatric cardiac surgery and their association with acute kidney injury. Materials and Methods: Retrospective case-control study at a children's hospital. Patients were < 6 months of age who underwent a Society of Thoracic Surgery-European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Congenital Heart Surgery categories ≥ 3. Low renal perfusion pressure was time and depth below several tested thresholds. The primary outcome was serum creatine-defined acute kidney injury in the first 7 days. Results: Sixty-six patients (median age 8 days) were included. Acute kidney injury occurred in 36%. The time and depth of renal perfusion pressure < 42 mmHg in the first 24 hours was greater in acute kidney injury patients (94 versus 35 mmHg∗minutes of low renal perfusion pressure/hour, p = 0.008). In the multivariable model, renal perfusion pressure < 42 mmHg was associated with acute kidney injury (aOR: 2.07, 95%CI: 1.25-3.82, p = 0.009). Mean arterial pressure, central venous pressure, and measures of inadequate oxygen delivery were not associated with acute kidney injury. Conclusion: Periods of low renal perfusion pressure (<42 mmHg) in the first 24 post-operative hours are associated with acute kidney injury. Renal perfusion pressure is a potential modifiable target that may mitigate the impact of acute kidney injury after paediatric cardiac surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCardiology in the young
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute kidney injury
  • cardiac critical care
  • central venous pressure
  • mean arterial pressure
  • Paediatric cardiac surgery
  • renal perfusion pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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