Objective The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and trends of outcomes after concurrent surgeries for symptomatic hemorrhoids and pelvic floor disorders. Methods This was a retrospective matched cohort study. Women who underwent concurrent vaginal urogynecologic and hemorrhoid surgery between 2007 and 2017 were identified by their surgical codes and matched to a cohort of women who underwent vaginal urogynecologic surgery only. The medical record was queried for demographic and perioperative data. Results Thirty-three subjects met the inclusion criteria; 198 subjects were matched accordingly (N = 231). Mean age and body mass index were 57 ± 12 years and 28.9 ± 5.6 kg/m2, respectively. Subjects who underwent concurrent hemorrhoidectomy were more likely to have had previous prolapse surgery (27.3% vs 15.2%, P = 0.09) and preoperative fecal incontinence (27.3% vs 13.6%, P = 0.05). Concurrent cases were more likely to have unplanned office visits (27.2% vs 12.6%, P = 0.03) and phone calls (range, 1-7 vs 0-10; P = 0.001), mostly for pain complaints. Reoperation was higher in combined cases (3% vs 0%, P = 0.01); however, the overall rate of serious perioperative adverse events was low and not different between groups. Concurrent cases were more likely to be discharged home with a Foley (42.4% vs 18.2%, P = 0.002) and to have a postoperative urinary tract infection (33.3% vs 10.6%, P = 0.005). In the concurrent group, 33.3% of the patients experienced severe rectal pain. Conclusions Patients undergoing concurrent hemorrhoidectomy at the time of vaginal urogynecologic surgery are at higher risk of minor events such as postoperative urinary tract infection and need for discharge home with a Foley, as well as risk of pain that may be greater than urogynecologic surgery alone.
- hemorrhoid surgery
- pelvic reconstructive surgery
- surgical outcomes
- vaginal urogynecologic surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology