Perioperative Morbidity Associated with Same-day Discharge in Elderly Patients

Gabriela E. Halder*, Corrie DeGraffenreid, C. Emi Bretschneider

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: We compared postoperative complications in elderly patients discharged on POD#0 versus POD#1 after prolapse repair. Methods: Data were obtained from the National Surgical Quality Improvement database. A total of 20,984 women 65 years and older who underwent prolapse repair between 2014 and 2020 were analyzed. Patient demographics, comorbidities, readmission, reoperation, and 30-day postoperative complications were compared in patients discharged on POD#0 versus POD#1. A sensitivity analysis was completed to examine outcomes in patients who underwent an apical prolapse repair. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to evaluate for potential confounders. Results: Age, race, ethnicity, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, prolapse repair type, and operative time were significantly different in patients discharged on POD#0 vs POD#1 (all p < 0.01). Patients discharged on POD#0 had significantly fewer postoperative complications (2.63% vs 3.44%) and readmissions (1.56% vs 2.18%, all p < 0.01). On multivariate regression modeling, postoperative discharge day was independently associated with complications, but not with readmissions or reoperation after. Patients who underwent an apical prolapse repair and were discharged on POD#0 had significantly more postoperative complications (3.5% vs 2.5%, p = 0.02) and readmissions (2.42% vs 10.08%, p < 0.01) than those discharged on POD#1. In this group, multivariate regression modeling demonstrated that postoperative discharge day was independently associated with any postoperative complication. Conclusions: For elderly women undergoing prolapse repair, the type of surgery should be considered when determining postoperative admission versus same-day discharge. Admission overnight does not seem to benefit women undergoing vaginal repairs but may decrease overall morbidity and risk of readmission in women undergoing an apical prolapse repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)855-862
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Discharge
  • Elderly
  • Prolapse
  • Same day

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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