Simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SB-TKA) is potentially a cost saving manner of caring for patients with bilateral symptomatic knee arthritis. We performed a retrospective analysis using the 2010-2012 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) to evaluate the risk of perioperative complication following SB-TKA. Demographic characteristics, comorbidities, and 30-day complication rates were studied using a propensity score-matched analysis comparing patients undergoing unilateral TKA and SB-TKA. A total of 4489 patients met the inclusion criteria, of which 973 were SB-TKA. SB-TKA was associated with increased overall complications (P = 0.023), medical complications (P = 0.002) and reoperation (OR 2.12, P = 0.020). Further, total length of hospital stay (4.0 vs 3.4 days, P < 0.001) was significantly longer following bilateral surgery.
- Knee arthroplasty
- Total knee arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine