Perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy with and without hysterectomy: a secondary analysis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database

Oluwateniola Brown*, Tsung Mou, Deepanjana Das, Sarah Collins, Kimberly Kenton, C. Emi Bretschneider

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: The objective was to compare 30-day perioperative complications in women undergoing minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy with and without a concomitant hysterectomy. Methods: Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database, we identified women undergoing minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy between 2014 and 2018. Women were then stratified into two groups: sacrocolpopexy only and sacrocolpopexy + hysterectomy. The primary outcome was the occurrence of any 30-day postoperative complication. Group comparisons were performed using Student’s t test, Mann–Whitney U test, and Chi-squared test. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify independent factors associated with the occurrence of any complication. Results: A total of 8,553 women underwent laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, 5,123 (59.9%) of whom had a concomitant hysterectomy. Median operative time was longer in women who had sacrocolpopexy + hysterectomy compared with sacrocolpopexy alone (185 [129–241] versus 172 [130–224] min, p < 0.001). The rate of any 30-day postoperative complication did not differ between groups (sacrocolpopexy + hysterectomy 5.5% versus sacrocolpopexy alone 5.8%, p = 0.34). Likewise, organ space, deep, and superficial surgical site infections did not differ between groups. There was also no difference in reoperation or readmission rates between groups. On multivariate logistic regression, sacrocolpopexy + hysterectomy were not associated with increased odds of 30-day postoperative complications relative to women who underwent sacrocolpopexy alone. Conclusions: Complication rates during the first 30 days after minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy are low and concomitant hysterectomy is not associated with increased risks of 30-day complications after surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Hysterectomy
  • Postoperative complications
  • Sacrocolpopexy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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