Personality and the Incidence of Hypertension Among Older Men: Longitudinal Findings From the Normative Aging Study

Avron Spiro*, Carolyn M. Aldwin, Kenneth D. Ward, Daniel K. Mroczek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Personality predictors of hypertension incidence were studied in 838 community-residing men from the Normative Aging Study. They were followed over a mean of 17 years during which time 38% developed hypertension. Stepwise proportional hazards regression was used to identify scales from the Cattell 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire that predicted hypertension incidence, controlling for biomedical, social, and behavioral risk factors. There was a significant negative relation between the personality trait of emotional stability and the incidence of hypertension, controlling for baseline blood pressure, education, and alcohol consumption. These results support those who argue that personality characteristics predict the development of hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-569
Number of pages7
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Keywords

  • aging
  • Catell 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire
  • emotional stability
  • longitudinal studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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