Personality Structure and Process, Variance between and Within: Integration by Means of a Developmental Framework

Daniel K. Mroczek*, Avron Spiro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hooker and McAdams (2003) offer a six-foci model of personality organized around the concepts of structure and process. The structure and process distinction is essentially one of emphasizing within- or between-person variance, yet both types of variance are valuable, especially in personality development. Cattell (1966) understood the distinction and incorporated it into his concept of the data box. Hooker and McAdams's model shares aspects of Cattell's scheme but is more explicitly developmental. We argue that the concept of the developmental trajectory fits neatly into both the Cattell and Hooker-McAdams models and affords a data analytic framework for understanding both within- and between-person variance, allowing greater integration of process and structure approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)P305-P306
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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