Personality trait change in adulthood

Brent W. Roberts*, Daniel Mroczek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

528 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent longitudinal and cross-sectional aging research has shown that personality traits continue to change in adulthood. In this article, we review the evidence for mean-level change in personality traits, as well as for individual differences in change across the life span. In terms of mean-level change, people show increased self-confidence, warmth, self-control, and emotional stability with age. These changes predominate in young adulthood (age 20-40). Moreover, mean-level change in personality traits occurs in middle and old age, showing that personality traits can change at any age. In terms of individual differences in personality change, people demonstrate unique patterns of development at all stages of the life course, and these patterns appear to be the result of specific life experiences that pertain to a person's stage of life. ©

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-35
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Directions in Psychological Science
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Individual differences in change
  • Mean-level change
  • Personality development
  • Personality traits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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