Personality traits, facets and cognitive performance: Age differences in their relations

Eileen Kranz Graham*, Margie E. Lachman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Personality traits and cognitive performance are related, but little work has examined how these associations vary by personality facet or age. 154 adults aged 22-84 completed the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT) and the NEO Five Factor Personality Inventory. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed negative emotional aspects of personality (neuroticism, depression) were associated with lower reasoning, and social aspects of personality (assertiveness) were associated with faster reaction time, yet lower reasoning. The association between neuroticism and performance was found primarily among younger adults. In older adulthood, better performance was associated with positive emotional aspects of personality. We discuss how personality may have different associations with performance across age and the implications for possible interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume59
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cognitive aging
  • Facets
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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