Perspective: Materials informatics and big data: Realization of the "fourth paradigm" of science in materials science

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280 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our ability to collect "big data" has greatly surpassed our capability to analyze it, underscoring the emergence of the fourth paradigm of science, which is data-driven discovery. The need for data informatics is also emphasized by the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI), further boosting the emerging field of materials informatics. In this article, we look at how data-driven techniques are playing a big role in deciphering processing-structure-property-performance relationships in materials, with illustrative examples of both forward models (property prediction) and inverse models (materials discovery). Such analytics can significantly reduce time-to-insight and accelerate cost-effective materials discovery, which is the goal of MGI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number053208
JournalAPL Materials
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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