Pervasive benefits of preparation in language switching

Angela Fink*, Matthew Goldrick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Many theories of bilingual language production assume that when bilinguals process words in their first language, representations from their second language are coactivated. Verhoef, Roelofs, and Chwilla (2009) proposed an alternative account, assuming that the activation of second language representations is highly limited during first language production. Using a cued language-switching task, Verhoef et al. showed that allowing participants to prepare their responses failed to facilitate first language production in some contexts. Verhoef et al. argued that this reflected a lack of coactivation of second language representations in these contexts. We report two experiments with different bilingual populations that failed to confirm the predictions of this account: Preparation consistently facilitated first language production in all contexts. This suggests that in the cued switch paradigm, both first language and second language representations are consistently activated during first language production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)808-814
Number of pages7
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015


  • Executive control
  • Inhibition
  • Psycholinguistics
  • Speech production
  • Task switching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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