Pharmacological inhibition of Mannheimia haemolytica lipopolysaccharide and leukotoxin-induced cytokine expression in bovine alveolar macrophages

C. Malazdrewich, P. Thumbikat, M. S. Abrahamsen, S. K. Maheswaran*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) are believed to contribute to the pathogenesis of lung injury in bovine pneumonic mannheimiosis (BPM) caused by Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica. Inflammatory cytokines may, therefore, represent therapeutic targets to be modulated for the purpose of treating or preventing this important disease of cattle. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of six pharmacological agents to suppress the expression of TNFα, IL-1β, and IL-8 genes and proteins in bovine alveolar macrophages (AM) exposed to M. haemolytica lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and leukotoxin (LktA) in vitro. The compounds tested included dexamethasone (DEX), tetrahydropapaveroline (THP), pentoxifylline (PTX), rolipram (ROL), SB203580 (SB), and thalidomide (THL). Cytokine expression was induced by the addition of purified M. haemolytica LPS and LktA to AM cell cultures following pretreatment with inhibitor compounds. Secretion of TNFα, IL-1β, and IL-8 proteins into the cell culture supernatant was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and steady-state accumulation of cytokine-specific mRNA was measured by northern blot analysis. Dose-dependent inhibition of cytokine secretion occurred in response to pretreatment of AM with DEX (TNFα, IL-1β, IL-8), THP (TNFα, IL-1β, IL-8), PTX (TNFα, IL-1β, IL-8), ROL (TNFα, IL-1β), and SB (TNFα, IL-8). Significant dose-dependent inhibition of cytokine mRNA expression occurred in response to pretreatment with DEX (TNFα, IL-1β, IL-8), THP (TNFα, IL-1β, IL-8), and PTX (TNFα). DEX was the most effective inhibitor by far; pretreatment with this compound yielded greater than 95% inhibition of cytokine gene and protein expression over a broad range of concentrations. These findings demonstrate that DEX, THP, PTX, ROL, and SB are capable of suppressing inflammatory cytokine secretion by bovine AM in vitro. If pulmonary cytokine secretion may be similarly inhibited in vivo, anti-cytokine therapy may represent a novel strategy for the management of BPM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-169
Number of pages11
JournalMicrobial Pathogenesis
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Bovine alveolar macrophages
  • Cytokine expression
  • Leukotoxin
  • Lipopolysaccharride
  • Mannheimia haemolytica
  • Pharmacological inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

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