Phase diagram kinetics for shape memory alloys: A robust finite element implementation

Xiujie Gao, Rui Qiao, L. Catherine Brinson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


A physically based one-dimensional shape memory alloy (SMA) model is implemented into the finite element software ABAQUS via a user interface. Linearization of the SMA constitutive law together with complete transformation kinetics is performed and tabulated for implementation. Robust rules for transformation zones of the phase diagram are implemented and a new strategy for overlapping transformation zones is developed. The iteration algorithm, switching point updates and solution strategies are developed and are presented in detail. The code is validated via baseline simulations including the shape memory effect and pseudoelasticity and then further tested with complex loading paths. A hybrid composite with self-healing function is then simulated using the developed code. The example demonstrates the usefulness of the methods for the design and simulation of materials or structures actuated by SMA wires or ribbons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2102-2115
Number of pages14
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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