Phase I trial of fixed dose rate infusion gemcitabine with gefitinib in patients with pancreatic carcinoma

Benedito A. Carneiro, Randall E. Brand, Elita Fine, Richard H. Knop, Janardan D. Khandekar, William Uhlig, Gershon Y. Locker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of gemcitabine using a fixed dose rate infusion (FDRI) in combination with gefitinib in patients (pts) with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PCa). Patients and methods: Patients with advanced PCa were given gemcitabine at the FDRI of 10 mg/m2/min IV on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle. Dose levels of 1000, 1200, and 1500 mg/m2 were evaluated. Oral gefitinib 250 mg was given daily. DLTs were defined as 2 instances of Grade 3 hematologic or 4 nonhematologic or any Grade 4 hematologic toxicity. At least 4 patients were treated at each dose level. Dose escalation occurred in the absence of DLTs. Results: Five women and 8 men were enrolled. Median age was 59 and performance status 1. All had metastatic disease. Four patients received prior adjuvant chemoradiation for PCa, and one chemotherapy for lung cancer. Median cycles were 4 per patient. The MTD was 1,200 mg/m2. Toxicity was predominantly hematologic. At 1,500 mg/m2, 1 patient had Grade 4 granulocytopenia and 3 patients Grade 3 granulocytopenia. Overall, 8 patients (60 percent) developed Grade 1 or 2 acneiform rashes. One patient had Grade 3 vomiting; no significant diarrhea or liver toxicity was seen. There were no objective responses seen. Median time to progression and overall survival were 4.57 months and 7.13 months, respectively. Conclusion: Combining FDRI gemcitabine with gefitinib is feasible and tolerable. The recommended dose of gemcitabine is 1,200 mg/m2 when used with gefitinib 250 mg daily.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-371
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Investigation
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Keywords

  • EGFR
  • Gefitinib
  • Gemcitabine
  • Pancreatic carcinoma
  • Tyrosine-kinase inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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