Phase II study of denileukin diftitox for previously treated indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma: Final results of E1497

Timothy M. Kuzel*, Shuli Li, John Eklund, Francine Foss, Randy Gascoyne, Neil Abramson, John F. Schwerkoske, Edie Weller, Sandra J. Horning

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Denileukin diftitox (DD) is approved for treatment of CD-25 expressing cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL). Initial studies of DD demonstrated responses in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). This phase II trial evaluated response rate (RR) and tolerability of DD in this population. Patients were stratified into two arms: those with NHL expressing ≥20% IL-2R (IL-2R+) or >20% IL-2R (IL-2R-). DD was dosed at 18 μg/kg/day for 5 days every 21 days. Corticosteroid pre-medication was not allowed. Thirty-five patients of a planned 77 accrued due to closure for slow accrual. This report is on 29 patients (18 males) with indolent B-cell NHL (11 IL-2R+ and 18 IL-2R-). Histologic subtypes included small lymphocytic (SLL) (8 patients) and follicular grade I/II lymphoma (21 patients). Patients received a median of three prior regimens, including rituximab in 76%. Three partial responses were observed (RR 10%). The RR for the IL-2R- and IL-2R+ patients was 11% and 9%, respectively. Of 8 patients with SLL, 2 responded. Toxicities were generally grade I-II and transient but 1 patient experienced a fatal thrombo-embolism. Therapy with DD is tolerable and modest efficacy was observed in SLL subtype. Measured IL-2R status did not correlate with efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2397-2402
Number of pages6
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume48
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Denileukin diftitox
  • Interleukin-2 receptor
  • Non-Hodgkins lymphoma
  • Targeted therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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