We investigated the efficacy of 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) therapy in patients with mycosis fungoides (MF) and the Sezary syndrome (SS). Between February 1991 and November 1993, 21 patients with relapsed or refractory MF/ SS were treated with 2-CdA. 2-CdA was administered by continuous intravenous infusion at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg/d for 7 days initially (13 patients), but was subsequently reduced to 5 days (nine patients) due to hematologic toxicity. All patients had failed to respond to at least one prior treatment for MF/SS (median number of total prior therapies, five; median number of systemic prior therapies, three) and had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of two or better. Cycles were administered at 28-day intervals. Assessable patients received at least 5 days of 2-CdA. Fourteen patients received more than one cycle of 2-CdA. An overall response rate of 28% was achieved. Three patients (14%) had a complete response with a median duration of 4.5 months (range, 2.5 to 16). Three (14%) had a partial response with a median duration of 2 months (range, 2 to 4). Fifteen patients (72%) had no response. The most significant toxicities encountered were bone marrow suppression (62% of patients) and infectious complications (62% of patients). Thirty-eight percent of patients experienced no toxicity from 2-CdA. 2-CdA has activity as a single agent in patients with previously treated relapsed MF/SS. Studies in less heavily pretreated individuals with 2-CdA alone or in combination will be undertaken.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Feb 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology