Purpose: The relevance of the MET/hepatocyte growth factor pathway in endometrial cancer tumor biology supports the clinical evaluation of cabozantinib in this disease. Patients and Methods: PHL86/NCI#9322 (NCT01935934) is a single arm study that evaluated cabozantinib (60 mg once daily) in women with endometrial cancer with progression after chemotherapy. Coprimary endpoints were response rate and 12-week progression-free-survival (PFS). Patients with uncommon histology endometrial cancer (eg, carcinosarcoma and clear cell) were enrolled in a parallel exploratory cohort. Results: A total of 102 patients were accrued. Among 36 endometrioid histology patients, response rate was 14%, 12-week PFS rate was 67%, and median PFS was 4.8 months. In serous cohort of 34 patients, response rate was 12%, 12-week PFS was 56%, and median PFS was 4.0 months. In a separate cohort of 32 patients with uncommon histology endometrial cancer (including carcinosarcoma), response rate was 6% and 12-week PFS was 47%. Six patients were on treatment for >12 months, including two for >30 months. Common cabozantinib-related toxicities (>30% patients) included hypertension, fatigue, diarrhea, nausea, and hand–foot syndrome. Gastrointestinal fistula/perforation occurred in four of 70 (6%) patients with serous/endometrioid cancer and five of 32 (16%) patients in exploratory cohort. We observed increased frequency of responses with somatic CTNNB1 mutation [four partial responses (PRs) in 10 patients, median PFS 7.6 months] and concurrent KRAS and PTEN/PIK3CA mutations (three PRs in 12 patients, median PFS 5.9 months). Conclusions: Cabozantinib has activity in serous and endometrioid histology endometrial cancer. These results support further evaluation in genomically characterized patient cohorts.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research