Purpose: Both paclitaxel and carboplatin have single-agent activity against carcinoma of the urothelium. We evaluated the combination of paclitaxel and carboplatin in the treatment of advanced cancers of the urothelium. Patients and Methods: Patients with cancers of the urothelium who had no prior chemotherapy (prior adjuvant chemotherapy > 6 months allowed) were eligible for treatment. Eligibility requirements were performance status of 2 or less, creatinine level less than 2.0 mg/dL, granulocyte count (AGC) 1,500/μL or greater, platelet count 100,000/μL or greater, and total bilirubin level less than 1.5 mg/dL. Paclitaxel 200 mg/m2 followed by carboplatin (area under the curve [AUC] 5, Calvert formula) were administered every 21 days. Patients were evaluated for toxicity weekly and assessed for response every 6 weeks. Results: Thirty-six patients were entered onto the study and 35 patients were assessable for response. A total of 184 cycles were administered (median, six cycles per patients). Nine patients required one dose reduction, and seven patients required two dose reductions for a nadir AGC less than 500/μL, with only one episode of febrile neutropenia and sepsis. Myalgias and arthralgias of grades 1 to 2 occurred in 16 patients and usually lasted 2 to 3 days after treatment. There were no treatment delays because of toxicity. There were 18 responses; seven complete responses (CRs) and 11 partial responses (PRs) (response rate 51.5%; 95% confidense interval, 35 to 68). Median response durations for CR and PR were 6 and 4 months, respectively. Overall median survival was 9.5 months. Conclusions: The combination of paclitaxel and carboplatin is an active and well-tolerated regimen for the treatment of advanced urothelial carcinoma. Because of the modest toxicity of this combination, paclitaxel and carboplatin should be considered for addition, to other agents with activity in urothelial carcinomas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research