Purpose: Yttrium-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan (IDEC-Y2B8) is a murine immunoglobulin G1 kappa monoclonal antibody that covalently binds MX-DTPA (tiuxetan), which chelates the radioisotope yttrium-90. The antibody targets CD20, a B-lymphocyte antigen. A multicenter phase I/II trial was conducted to compare two doses of unlabeled rituximab given before radiolabeled antibody, to determine the maximum-tolerated single dose of IDEC-Y2B8 that could be administered without stem-cell support, and to evaluate safety and efficacy. Patients and Methods: Eligible patients had relapsed or refractory (two prior regimens or anthracycline if low-grade disease) CD20+ B-cell low-grade, intermediate-grade, or mantle-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). There was no limit on bulky disease, and 59% had at least one mass ≥ 5 cm. Results: The maximum-tolerated dose was 0.4 mCi/kg IDEC-Y2B8 (0.3 mCi/kg for patients with baseline platelet counts 100 to 149,000/μL). The overall response rate for the intent-to-treat population (n = 51) was 67% (26% complete response [CR]; 41% partial response [PR]); for low-grade disease (n = 34), 82% (26% CR; 56% PR); for intermediate-grade disease (n = 14), 43%; and for mantle-cell disease (n = 3), 0%. Responses occurred in patients with bulky disease (≥ 7 cm; 41%) and splenomegaly (50%). Kaplan-Meier estimate of time to disease progression in responders and duration of response is 12.9+ months and 11.7+ months, respectively. Adverse events were primarily hematologic and correlated with baseline extent of marrow involvement with NHL and baseline platelet count. One patient (2%) developed an anti-antibody response (human antichimeric antibody/human antimouse antibody). Conclusion: These phase I/II data demonstrate that IDEC-Y2B8 rodioimmunotherapy is a safe and effective alternative for outpatient therapy of patients with relapsed or refractory NHL. A phase III study is ongoing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research