Phase separation, crystallization, and structure formation in immiscible polymer solutions

J. L. Zryd, Wesley Roth Burghardt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Morphological and calorimetric studies of phase separation have been carried out in solutions of a crystallizable polymer in poor solvents. Hydrogenated polybutadiene with low branch content was investigated in solutions with diphenyl ether and diphenyl methane, in which the equilibrium phase diagram exhibits both liquid–liquid phase separation and crystallization of the polymer. Emphasis is placed on sample preparation protocols using thermal treatments at low concentrations where it is anticipated that both phase separation mechanisms may influence the resulting morphology. Samples prepared using either ramp cooling or isothermal crystallization exhibit porous structures such as those seen in membrane materials, that predominantly reflect liquid phase separation. However, the interplay between the different kinetics of liquid demixing and crystallization provides a mechanism to control, for instance, pore size. DSC studies during ramp cooling showed evidence of two discrete crystallization processes associated with the two liquid phases expected to be present under these circumstances. Finally, high concentration samples showed morphological evidence of liquid phase separation induced at the growth front of spherulites in otherwise single‐phase polymer solutions. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1525-1537
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume57
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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