We compare quantum and classical mechanics for a collinear model of OCS at an energy (20 000 cm-1) where Davis [J. Chem. Phys. 83, 1016 ( 1985)] had previously found that phase space bottlenecks associated with golden mean tori inhibit classical flow between different chaotic regions in phase space. Accurate quantum eigenfunctions for this two mode system are found by diagonalizing a large basis of complex Gaussian functions, and these are then used to study the evolution of wave packets which have 20 000 cm-1 average energies. By examining phase space (Husimi) distributions associated with the wave functions, we conclude that these golden mean tori do indeed act as bottlenecks which constrain the wave packets to evolve within one (or a combination of) regions. The golden mean tori do not completely determine the boundaries between regions, however. Bottlenecks associated with resonance trapping and with separatrix formation are also involved. The analysis of the Husimi distributions also indicates that each exact eigenstate is nearly always associated with just one region, and because of this, superpositions of eigenstates that are localized within a region remain localized in that region at all times. This last result differs from the classical picture at this energy where flow across the bottlenecks occurs with a 2-4 ps lifetime. Since the classical phase space area through which flux must pass to cross the bottlenecks is small compared to ℏ for OCS, the observed difference between quantum and classical dynamics is not surprising. Examination of the time development of normal mode energies indicates little or no energy flow quantum mechanically for wave packet initial conditions. Classical trajectory bundles constructed from the wave packet phase space distributions also show little or no energy flow even though noticeable flow is observed for more localized bundles chosen from the turnstile associated with flow through the bottleneck.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry