Phase transitions and potential ferroelectricity in noncentrosymmetric KNaNbOF5

Jaye K. Harada, Po Hsiu Chien, Haoyu Liu, Sawankumar Patel, Ching Hwa A. Chen, Nenian Charles, Yan Yan Hu, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier, James M. Rondinelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Increasing the number of known ferroelectrics requires expanding the chemical design space and mechanisms producing ferroelectricity. To that end, we examine the displacive, noncentrosymmetric-to-centrosymmetric phase transition in the oxyfluoride KNaNbOF5 using ab initio calculations and Landau theory. We predict an intermediate Pnma phase occurs in the transition from the known low- and high-temperature phases, Pna21 and Cmcm, respectively, which we subsequently confirm using high-resolution and in situ F19 magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance. Using the intermediate structure, we then calculate the monodomain polarization switching barrier in KNaNbOF5 to be ∼93 meV per formula unit, comparable to existing ferroelectrics. The reversal of the polarization is due to uncompensated antipolar displacements of oxygen and fluorine and does not require oxygen and fluorine site exchange as in other nonswitchable heteroanionic materials, which makes KNaNbOF5 a viable oxyfluoride for a switchable electric polarization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124401
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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