Phases and homogeneous ordered states in alignment-based self-propelled particle models

Yinong Zhao, Thomas Ihle, Zhangang Han, Cristián Huepe, Pawel Romanczuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study a set of models of self-propelled particles that achieve collective motion through similar alignment-based dynamics, considering versions with and without repulsive interactions that do not affect the heading directions. We explore their phase space within a broad range of values of two nondimensional parameters (coupling strength and Peclet number), characterizing their polarization and degree of clustering. The resulting phase diagrams display equivalent, similarly distributed regions for all models with repulsion. The diagrams without repulsion exhibit differences, in particular for high coupling strengths. We compare the boundaries and representative states of all regions, identifying various regimes that had not been previously characterized. We analyze in detail three types of homogeneous polarized states, comparing them to existing theoretical and numerical results by computing their velocity and density correlations, giant number fluctuations, and local order-density coupling. We find that they all deviate in one way or another from the theoretical predictions, attributing these differences either to the remaining inhomogeneities or to finite-size effects. We discuss our results in terms of the generic or specific features of each model, their thermodynamic limit, and the high mixing and low mixing regimes. Our study provides a broad, overarching perspective on the multiple phases and states found in alignment-based self-propelled particle models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA51
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume104
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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