Phenotypic analysis and characterization of CD34+ cells from normal human bone marrow, cord blood, peripheral blood, and mobilized peripheral blood from patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation

James G. Bender, Kristen Unverzagt, Donald E. Walker, Wanda Lee, Stephen Smith, Stephanie Williams, Dennis E. Van Epps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations


Single- and multicolor flow cytometry were used to define progenitor subsets in normal human bone marrow and peripheral blood, cord blood, and blood following mobilization of CD34+ progenitor cells by cyclophosphamide or cyclophosphamide/etoposide/G-CSF treatment. CD34 cells were quantitated and subsets of CD34+ cells were defined by coexpression of CD33, CD13, CD10, CD19, CD45RA, and CD71. Myeloid and erythroid progenitors were quantitated by sorting single CD34+ cells into individual wells of 96-well plates containing methylcellulose, IL-3, GM-CSF, G-CSF, IL-6, and erythropoietin. Comparative studies of CD34 cells showed that the percentage of CD34+ mononuclear cells was greatest in blood samples from patients following mobilization treatment with cyclophosphamide/etoposide/G-CSF averaging 2%. By comparison, the remaining sample groups ranged from 1.68 to 0.15% CD34 cells in this order, bone marrow > cord blood > cyclophosphamide mobilized blood > peripheral blood. Comparison of CD34 cells per milliliter of bone marrow or blood showed a range of 22.4 x 104 to 0.65 x 104/ml in the following order, bone marrow > chemotherapy/etoposide/G-CSF > cord blood > cyclophosphamide-mobilized blood. Comparative analysis of CD34 subsets from different sources showed significant differences, particularly bone marrow and blood samples. A distinct population of CD34+ CD19+ (Leu 12) CD10+ (CALLA) pre-B lymphocyte cells was defined in bone marrow with lower side and forward light scatter characteristics and was variable between donors (29.8 ± 16.9%, mean ± 1 SD; range, 3-54%; n = 8). This population was not found to a significant degree in blood and also expressed CD45RA (Leu 18). Coexpression studies of CD45RA and CD71 (transferrin receptor) expression on CD34+ cells defined a CD45RA-CD71+ population containing 89 ± 6.3% (n = 4) BFU-E and a CD45RA+CD71+ population that contained all CFU-GM (n = 4). LeuM7 (CD13) stained a larger percentage to a greater intensity than MY7 (CD13). Coexpression of CD45RA (Leu 18) and CD13 (LeuM7) defined a subset of CD13+ CD45RA+ cells enriched for CFU-GM and CFU-M with a cloning efficiency of 31%. Coexpression of CD33 (MY9) and CD13 (MY7) defined a population that was predominantly CFU-GM with a cloning efficiency of 38%. These studies define CD34+ phenotypes containing pure populations of B lymphocyte, granulocyte-macrophage, or erythroid progenitors and demonstrate the utility of multiparameter flow cytometry to define linage-committed CD34+ cellsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Immunology and Immunopathology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Immunology


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