Phenotypic Presentations of Heart Failure Among Patients With Chronic Inflammatory Diseases

Daniel L. Underberg, Adovich S. Rivera, Arjun Sinha, Matthew J. Feinstein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: Characterize incident heart failure (HF) phenotypes among patients with various chronic inflammatory diseases (CIDs). Background: Several CIDs are associated with increased HF risk, but differences in HF phenotypes across CIDs are incompletely understood. No prior studies to our knowledge have manually adjudicated HF phenotypes across a CID spectrum. Methods: We screened for patients with—and controls without—CIDs who had possible HF, then hand-adjudicated HF endpoints. Possible HF resulted from a single HF administrative code; HF was deemed definite/probable vs. absent using standardized, validated criteria. We queried adjudicated HF patients' charts to define specific HF phenotypes, then compared clinical, demographic, and HF phenotypic characteristics for HF patients with specific CIDs vs. non-CID controls using Fisher's exact test. Results: Out of 415 possible HF patients, 192 had definite/probable HF. Significant differences in HF phenotypes existed across CIDs. Isolated right-sided HF was present in 27.8% of patients with SSc and adjudicated HF, which is more than twice as common as it was in any other CID. Left ventricular systolic dysfunction was most common in patients with HIV and lupus (SLE); mean LVEF was 45.0% ± 18.6% for HIV and 41.3% ± 17.1% for SLE, but was 57.7% ± 10.7% for SSc. Those with HIV and multiple CIDs were most likely to have coronary artery disease. Conclusions: Different CIDs present with different phenotypes of physician-adjudicated HF, potentially reflecting different underlying inflammatory pathophysiologies. Larger studies are needed to confirm these findings, as are mechanistic studies focused on understanding specific immunoregulatory contributors to HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number784601
JournalFrontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
StatePublished - Mar 16 2022


  • HIV
  • adjudication
  • chronic inflammation
  • coronary artery disease
  • heart failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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