Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3′-kinase (PI 3′-K) after ligation of CD3 protects Th2 cells from CD95-mediated apoptosis. Here we show that protection is achieved by inhibition of the formation of CD95 aggregates and consequent activation of caspase-8. Inhibition of aggregate formation is mediated by changes in the actin cytoskeleton, which in turn inhibit lateral diffusion of CD95, reducing its diffusion coefficient, D, 10-fold. After cytochalasin D treatment of stimulated cells, the lateral diffusion of CD95 increases to the value measured on unstimulated cells, and CD95 molecules aggregate to process caspase-8 and mediate apoptosis. Regulation of functional receptor formation by modulating lateral diffusion is a novel mechanism for controlling receptor activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy