Phospholipase C-zeta deficiency as a cause for repetitive oocyte fertilization failure during ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization with ICSI: a case report

Zahabiya H. Chithiwala, Hoi Chang Lee, David L. Hill, Teru Jellerette-Nolan, Rafael Fissore, Daniel Grow, Daniel A. Dumesic*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe impaired oocyte fertilization from phospholipase C-zeta (PLC-ζ) deficiency in normal-appearing sperm that was successfully treated using calcium (Ca2+) ionophore with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of oocytes matured in vitro. Methods: An infertile couple undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) experienced failed oocyte fertilization following ICSI with normal-appearing sperm. A semen sample collected from the patient was used to assess the expression of sperm PLC- ζ protein by Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence and PLC-ζ bioactivity by an in vitro model of Ca2+ release. A second IVF cycle was performed using Ca2+ ionophore with ICSI to enhance Ca2+-induced oocyte activation of oocytes matured in vitro. Results: Sperm PLC-ζ protein deficiency was demonstrated by Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence and confirmed by reduced PLC-ζ bioactivity using an in vitro model of Ca2+ release. Nevertheless, with this sperm and supplementation of Ca2+ ionophore following ICSI, fertilization of four of six oocytes matured in vitro was obtained. In addition, four embryos underwent cleavage and two of them reached the blastocyst stage. Transfer of these blastocysts into the uterus led to a single pregnancy and live birth. Conclusions: Deficiency of PLC-ζ in normal-appearing human sperm is associated with impaired Ca2+-dependent oocyte activation during ICSI. Under this condition, use of Ca2+ ionophore following ICSI of oocytes matured in vitro improves embryo developmental competence, possibly through the activation of Ca2+-dependent mechanisms governing fertilization and preimplantation embryogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1415-1419
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assisted reproductive technology (ART)
  • Calcium ionophore
  • In vitro maturation
  • Oocyte activation
  • Phospholipase C-zeta
  • Sperm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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