Phosphorylation regulates interaction of 210-kDa myosin light chain kinase N-terminal domain with actin cytoskeleton

E. L. Vilitkevich, A. Y. Khapchaev, D. S. Kudryashov, A. V. Nikashin, J. P. Schavocky, T. J. Lukas, D. M. Watterson, V. P. Shirinsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


High molecular weight myosin light chain kinase (MLCK210) is a multifunctional protein involved in myosin II activation and integration of cytoskeletal components in cells. MLCK210 possesses actin-binding regions both in the central part of the molecule and in its N-terminal tail domain. In HeLa cells, mitotic protein kinase Aurora B was suggested to phosphorylate MLCK210 N-terminal tail at serine residues (Dulyaninova, N. G., and Bresnick, A. R. (2004) Exp. Cell Res., 299, 303-314), but the functional significance of the phosphorylation was not established. We report here that in vitro, the N-terminal actin-binding domain of MLCK210 is located within residues 27-157 (N27-157, avian MLCK210 sequence) and is phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and Aurora B at serine residues 140/149 leading to a decrease in N27-157 binding to actin. The same residues are phosphorylated in a PKA-dependent manner in transfected HeLa cells. Further, in transfected cells, phosphomimetic mutants of N27-157 showed reduced association with the detergent-stable cytoskeleton, whereas in vitro, the single S149D mutation reduced N27-157 association with F-actin to a similar extent as that achieved by N27-157 phosphorylation. Altogether, our results indicate that phosphorylation of MLCK210 at distinct serine residues, mainly at S149, attenuates the interaction of MLCK210 N-terminus with the actin cytoskeleton and might serve to regulate MLCK210 microfilament cross-linking activity in cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1288-1297
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry (Moscow)
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • 210-kDa myosin light chain kinase
  • Aurora B
  • cAMPdependent protein kinase
  • phosphorylation-dependent actin binding
  • protein interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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