Photocatalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol: The effects of varying TiO2 concentration and light wavelength

Ulick Stafford*, Kimberly A. Gray, Prashant V. Kamat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

164 Scopus citations


The effects of TiO2 surface loading and light conditions on the photocatalyzed degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) were examined, in order to address deficiencies in previous studies in which these issues were not examined satisfactorily. It is proposed that these factors explain differences in the reported reaction intermediate concentrations. Increasing the loading of TiO2 in a slurry has little effect on the rate of 4-CP disappearance. However, the concentration of 4-chlorocatechol (4-CC), a primary degradation product, decreases with increasing TiO2 loading. Zero order kinetics in terms of 4-CP were observed for 4-CP degradation. The rate of mineralization increased with increasing TiO2 concentration. The rate of mineralization relative to 4-CP degradation was more rapid under conditions of lower light intensity. Significant adsorption of 4-CC on Degussa P25 TiO2 was measured and these data are fitted well by a Langmuir isotherm. Adsorption of 4-CC accounts for most of the changes in 4-CC concentration at different TiO2 loadings. An increased proportion of surface oxidation reactions at higher TiO2 loadings and lower light intensity may explain the higher rates of mineralization in thicker slurries. The quantum yield of reaction of 4-CP increased with decreasing wavelength of light from φ = 0.01, at λ = 360 nm to φ = 0.07, at λ = 300 nm. A relationship of d[4-CP]/dt ∝ I0.8 was measured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberCA971511
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Photocatalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol: The effects of varying TiO<sub>2</sub> concentration and light wavelength'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this