Photoelastic analysis of stresses around oblique holes - The magnitude and distribution of stresses around holes inclined at 45 and 60 deg in uniaxially loaded plates are discussed by the author

Isaac M. Daniel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

A three-dimensional photoelastic analysis was conducted to determine the magnitude and distribution of stresses around oblique holes in a uniaxially loaded plate. The holes were circular and inclined at angles of 45 deg and 60 deg with the faces of the plate. The plate-thickness-to-hole-diameter ratio t/D was 2.40. One end of each hole was blended to the face of the plate through a break radius equal to the radius of the hole. The plate dimensions were sufficiently large to simulate conditions of an infinite plate. The plates were loaded perpendicular to the plane of skewness. Stress distributions were obtained on sections perpendicular to the direction of loading. Results point to two critical areas of stress concentration: one at the acute-angle intersection of the hole and the surface of the plate and the other in the break-radius area. The stress concentrations in the latter area reach values of 4.6 and 6.7 compared to 3.6 and 4.5 at the acute-angle intersection, for the inclination angles of 45 deg and 60 deg, respectively. A simplified analysis used for the break-radius area gave results in agreement with the experiment. Thus, it was shown that break radii in oblique penetrations may have deleterious rather than beneficial effects. Comparison of results for the acute-angle intersection with existing theoretical and experimental values shows a definite and pronounced dependence of the stress-concentration factor on thickness-to-diameter ratio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-473
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Mechanics
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1970

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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